Basic Biology (BIO1004) - VDU Biochemijos ir biotechnologijų katedra
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Basic Biology (BIO1004)

Course code

Course group

Volume in ECTS credits

Course hours

BIO 1004

C

6

160

Course type (compulsory or optional)

Compulsory

Course level (study cycle)

Bachelor

Semester the course is delivered

Autumn

Study form (face-to-face or distant)

Face-to-face

Course title in Lithuanian

BIOLOGIJOS PAGRINDAI

Course title in English

BASIC BIOLOGY

Short course annotation in Lithuanian

Dalyko tikslas – supažindinti studentus su organizmų sandaros ir funkcijos pagrindiniais dėsningumais. Istoriniai biologijos aspektai. Organizmų sandara molekuliniame ir ląstelės lygmenyje. Organizmų energetika: kvėpavimas ir fotosintezė. Mityba ir medžiagų apykaita. Fiziologiniai ir biocheminiais prisitaikymo prie aplinkos keliai. Ląstelės dalinimasis ir paveldimumas: mitozė, mejozė, genetinis kodas, paveldimumo dėsningumai. Evoliucija: įvairovė ir atranka, saviti prisitaikymai, organizmų pokyčiai istoriškai vystantis. Sistematika – mokslas apie biologinę įvairovę. Organizmų klasifikacija. Taksonomijos pagrindai: sandaros, biocheminiai ir molekuliniai požymiai. Organizmų filogenijos apžvalga. Gyvių įvairovė: organizmų karalystės. Organizmų taikomoji vertė. Ekologija: populiacijų, ekosistemų, bendrijų sandara ir veikla. Biogeografija. Žmogus ir gamta.

Short course annotation in English

The course will cover bases of structure and functions of living beings. Historical aspects of biology. The organization of organisms: molecular and cellular level of organization. Energy in living organisms: respiration and photosynthesis. Nutrition, metabolism. Basic biochemical and physiological adaptation mechanisms. Cell division and heredity: mitosis and meiosis, genetic code, principals of inheritance. Evolution: variation and selection, speciation and evolutionary change. Systematics: the science of biological diversity. Classification of organisms. Taxonomic evidence: structural, biochemical and molecular characters. An overview of organism phylogeny. Diversity of life: kingdoms of organisms. Economic value of organisms. Ecology: structure and function of populations, ecosystems, communities. Biogeography. Human and nature.

Prerequisites for entering the course

Gymnasium general knowledge in biology and chemistry.

Course aim

The aim of the course is to provide an introduction to main branches of advanced biology: nowadays botany and zoology, genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, biotechnology and bioinformatics.

Content (topics)

 1. History of Biology. Methodology. Perspectives in Biology

        2. Taxonomy of organisms (taxonomy of plants, animals), terminology

 3. Overview of bacteria, plant, fungy and animal kingdoms

 4. Main evolutionary  trends of living beings

 5. Cell structure, mitosis, meiosis

 6. Plant d tissues

 7. Animal histology

 8. Morphology and anatomy of plant organs.

 9. Organs and organ systems in animals

10. Main functions of plants

11. Animal functional properties.

12. Reproduction diversity among organisms

13. Organisms and abiotic environment.

14. Interrelations among organisms

15. Biogeography

Distribution of workload for students (contact and independent work hours)

Lectures – 45 hours, laboratory work – 30 hours,  individual work – 85 hours.

Structure of cumulative score and value of its constituent parts

Final mark includes consist of the evaluation of written examination (50%), written colloquium (25%), execution, written description and oral presentation of laboratory works (25%).

Recommended reference materials

No.

 

Publication year

Authors of publication and title

Publishing house

Number of copies in

University library

Self-study rooms

Other libraries 

Basic materials

1.

2008

Solomon E.P. Biology

(and similar ones titled under Biology)

Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co.KGaA  

10

5

 

2.

2008

Presson J.C. Biology: dimensions of life

Blackwell Publishing, Malden-Oxford

1

2

 

Supplementary materials

1.

2004

Gaston K.J., Spicer J.I. Biodiversity: An Introduction. 2nd ed.

Blackwell Publishing, Malden-Oxford

 

2.

2006

Groom M.J., Meffe G.K., Carroll C.R. Principles of Conservation Biology. 3rd ed.)

Sinauer Associates, Inc. Sunderland, Massachusetts

 

3.

2005

Freeman S. Biological Science, 2nd ed.

Pearson Education International

 

4.

2007

Webster J., Weber W.S. Introduction to Fungi

Cambridge university Press, Cambridge

 

Course programme designed by

Eugenija Kupčinskienė, Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences

Additional information